Learning Objectives & Learning Outcomes
Learning outcomes are statements that:
- Outline the knowledge/skills that a learner should have acquired by the end of a period of learning (one lesson, a series of lessons or a term, for example)
- Help learners understand why the knowledge/skills covered will be useful to them
- Help learners identify the passing requirements for a lesson/course/program
Put simply, a learning outcome will identify…
- what the learner will know
- what the learner will be able to do
… by the end of a lesson/course/program.
Benjamin Bloom (1913-1999) developed a system for classification of educational objectives and made significant contributions to the theory of mastery learning.
He identified three domains of learning:
- Cognitive (mental skills)
- Affective (emotional changes)
- Psychomotor (manual skills)
These are often referred to as head, heart and hand.
Three Domains of Learning – Cognitive, Affective, Psychomotor